The humanistic conception, summarized by the classical words paideia and humanitas, is exploited by the theological nucleus of Christian faith, as we find it in the New Testament and in the works of the Fathers of the Church. For this reason, today the schools of Christianity display the peculiar characteristic to give a crucial relevance to the role of classical studies in the process of education. Not by chance, in the last years, a violent anti-humanistic propaganda begins to fight against both the classics and the Christianity.